Those who support a longer school day cite better learning opportunities and improved achievement, but critics say that extending the school hours may further deplete limited budgets and put unnecessary stress on students and teachers.
Extending the school day could benefit the country if it helped decrease the achievement gap between American students and other industrialized countries, resulting in better trained and more competitive workers. There are parents who are against in increasing their children’s school day obligations, while others appreciate the extension of learning opportunities.
Schools may struggle with the costs of longer school days and make cuts in other areas in order to fund it, reports the Chicago News Cooperative for the “New York Times.” Teacher compensation would increase with increased working hours, as would costs for utilities and supplies. Extending the school day might deny older students a chance to earn money working at part-time jobs, but working parents who cannot be home during the after school hours to care for children could save on child care expenses.
Increased Learning Time
With longer school days, teachers may feel less rushed to complete all state and federal teaching standards and have more time for creative projects. Students requiring individual attention could have greater opportunities to receive it. This would benefit low-income students who might not have access to tutoring or private lessons. Teachers would have more time to differentiate instruction and fulfill the learning needs of more students, according to the Center on Innovation and Improvement. The Center for American Progress reports that many of the highest performing high schools already have extended hours.
Stress and Burnout
A longer school day could make students and teachers alike feel overwhelmed and overworked. Teachers may need to work more on lesson plans during personal time but might appreciate feeling less rushed to finish everything during school hours. Too much stress and over-stimulated younger students might create more disciplinary problems. Older students’ sports obligations, college planning, SATs, part-time jobs and socializing can cause high levels of stress and anxiety, NPR reports. Rural students may travel significant distances to get to school. When travel time is included in a longer school day, students might be spending almost all of their waking hours traveling to and from or in school.
While there could be more time for schools to include physical activity into a longer day, high academic expectations may take precedence. Even a quality physical education program might not give children the same degree of physical activity, relaxation and decompression time as free play. Reduced physical activity may cause students to feel more stressed and contribute to weight problems, sometimes related with health problems not usually seen in children, such as high blood pressure, the Mayo Clinic reports.